All machines performing similar types of operations are grouped at one location in the process layout, eg., all lathes, milling machines, cutting machines, etc. in the engineering shop will be clustered in their ike groups.
Thus all forging will be done in one area and all the emphases will be placed in another area.
In this layout, several products may share a machine to make its full use.
The sequential arrangement of the machine group is generally, but not necessarily made on the basis of labor operations.
In this type of layout, the process rather than the product has a dominating role.
The product is given secondary consideration and is moved for the purpose of operations to the process section with like machines stationed at a particular point.
This type of process is more suitable for job order type of production.
In such production, the operations differ from product to product.
So, it is desirable to arrange the machines on the basis of process rather than on the products.